David Karol studies parties, interest groups, political institutions and American
political development. Before coming to the University of Maryland, he taught
at American University, UC Berkeley and the UC Washington Center and was a Visiting
Scholar at the Center for the Study of Democratic Politics at Princeton University.
He won the "Emerging Scholar" Award for 2010 from the Political Organizations
and Parties Section of the American Political Science Association. David Karol is an occasional contributor to The Monkey Cage, the Washington Post's political science blog.
In his recent book, Party
Position Change in American Politics: Coalition Management (Cambridge University
Press, 2009), David Karol explains key aspects of party position change: the
speed of shifts, the stability of new positions, and the extent to which change
occurs via adaptation by incumbents. He shows that these factors vary depending
on whether parties are reacting to changed preferences of coalition components,
incorporating new constituencies, or experimenting on “groupless” issues. Karol
reveals that adaptation by incumbents is a far greater source of change than
David Karol's current research concerns the role of elite opinion in American
politics, showing how it produces durable policy disagreements between congresses
- Ph.D. University of California, Los Angeles
- M.A. Iowa State University
- B.A. Grinnell College
"Forcing Their Hands? Campaign Finance Law, Retirement Announcements and the Rise of the Permanent Campaign in U.S. Senate Elections." February 2015, Congress & the Presidency.
"A Theory of Political Parties: Groups, Policy Demands and Nominations in American Politics." (with Kathleen Bawn, Martin Cohen, Hans Noel and John Zaller.) September 2012, Perspectives on Politics
"Political Parties in Rough Weather." (with Marty Cohen, Hans Noel
and John Zaller.) January 2008, The Forum
"The Electoral Cost of War: Iraq
Casualties and the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election." (with Edward Miguel)
August 2007, The Journal of Politics
"Does Constituency Size Affect Elected
Officials' Trade Policy Preferences?" (May
2007, Journal of Politics)
"Has Polling Enhanced Representation? Unearthing
Evidence from the Literary Digest Issue Polls"(Spring 2007, Studies in American
"Pols or Polls? The Real Driving Force behind Presidential
Marty Cohen, Hans Noel, and John Zaller), Brookings Review 2003
Government and U.S. Trade Policy: Much Ado about Nothing?" International
Organization Fall 2000
"Political Parties in American Political Development." in The Oxford Handbook of American Political Development, October 2014.
"Parties Revised and Revived: Democrats and Republicans in the Age of Reagan, 1980 to 2000." in The C.Q. Press Guide to Political Parties, May 2014.
"Resolved, The Twenty-Second Amendment Should be Appealed." With Thomas E. Cronin in Debating the Presidency: Conflicting Perspectives on the American Executive, February 2014.
"Resolved, The Terms of Supreme Court Justices Should be Limited to 18 Years." With Ward Farnsworth in Debating Reform: Conflicting Perspectives on How to Fix the American Political System, February 2013.
"The Invisible Primary in Presidential Nominations, 1980-2004." The Making of the Presidential Candidates 2008, August 2007.